Zambia

The Republic of Zambia (pronounced /ˈzæmbiə/) is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. The neighbouring countries are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of the country. The population is concentrated mainly around the capital Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt to the northwest.

Zambia has been inhabited for thousands of years by hunter-gatherers and migrating tribes. After sporadic visits by European travellers starting in the 18th century, Zambia was gradually captured and occupied by the British as protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century.

On 24 October 1964, the protectorate gained independence, after a long and difficult struggle against the British, with the new name of Zambia, derived from the Zambezi river which flows through the country. Zambia was governed by president Kenneth Kaunda of the socialist United National Independence Party from 1964 until 1991. From 1991 to 2002, Zambia was governed by president Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy. Today the country still faces steep challenges from poverty, tuberculosis and AIDS. An estimated 15% of adults are HIV positive. The per capita income is US $1150 (World Bank, 2008). Approximately 55% of the population are reportedly living on less than $2 per day.[5]

Republic of Zambia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “One Zambia, One Nation”
Anthem: Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free
Capital
(and largest city)
Lusaka
15°25′S 28°17′E / 15.417°S 28.283°E / -15.417; 28.283
Official language(s) English
Recognised regional languages Nyanja, Bemba, Lunda, Tonga, Lozi, Luvale, Kaonde.
Demonym Zambian
Government Republic
- President Rupiah Banda
- Vice President George Kunda
Independence from the United Kingdom
- Date 24 October 1964
Area
- Total 752,618 km2 [1](39th)
290,587 sq mi
- Water (%) 1
Population
- 2009 estimate 12,935,000[2] (71st)
- 2000 census 9,885,591[3]
- Density 17.2/km2 (191st)
44.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
- Total $18.454 billion[4]
- Per capita $1,541[4]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
- Total $13.000 billion[4]
- Per capita $1,086[4]
Gini (2002–03) 42.1 (medium)
HDI (2007) ▲ 0.481 (low) (164th)
Currency Zambian kwacha (ZMK)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code ZM
Internet TLD .zm
Calling code 260

Source Wikipedia.