Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe (English pronunciation: /zɪmˈbɑːbweɪ/ zim-BAHB-we; officially the Republic of Zimbabwe and formerly Southern Rhodesia, the Republic of Rhodesia, and Zimbabwe Rhodesia) is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three official languages: English, Shona (a Bantu language), and Ndebele (also a Bantu language).

Zimbabwe began as a part of the British crown colony of Rhodesia. President Robert Mugabe is the head of State and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. Morgan Tsvangirai is the Prime Minister. Mugabe has been in power since the country’s long war for independence. Although his administration was initially credited with improving the standard of living and the economy during the 1980s, his rule has been characterized by gross economic mismanagement, hyperinflation, and reports of human rights abuses.[4] The collapse of the nation’s economy and widespread poverty and unemployment has increased support for Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai and his opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change, who in late 2008 agreed to share power with Mugabe.

Republic of Zimbabwe
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “Unity, Freedom, Work”
Anthem: Simudzai Mureza wedu WeZimbabwe (Shona)
Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe (Sindebele)
“Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe”
Capital
(and largest city)
Harare
17°50′S 31°3′E / 17.833°S 31.05°E / -17.833; 31.05
Official language(s) English
Recognised regional languages Shona, Ndebele
Demonym Zimbabwean
Government Semi presidential, parliamentary, consociationalist republic
President Robert Mugabe
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai
Vice President Joice Mujuru
John Nkomo
Deputy Prime Minister Thokozani Khuphe
Arthur Mutambara
Independence from the United Kingdom
Established 1901
Proclaimed 11 November 1965
Recognized 18 April 1980
Area
Total 390,757 km2 (60th)
150,871 sq mi
Water (%) 1
Population
2009 estimate 12,521,000[1] (68th)
Density 26/km2 (170th)
57/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
Total $4.164 billion[2]
Per capita $355[2]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
Total $4.397 billion[2]
Per capita $374[2]
Gini (2009) 50.1[3] (high)
Currency none a
Time zone Central Africa Time (UTC+2)
Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code ZW
Internet TLD .zw
Calling code +263

Source Wikipedia.