The United Republic of Tanzania (pronounced /ˌtænzəˈniːə/; phonetical: tan-zann-ei-a; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania)[4] is a country in central East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The country’s eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.The United Republic of Tanzania is a unitary republic composed of 26 mikoa (regions).[5] The current head of state is President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, elected in 2005. Since 1996, the official capital of Tanzania has been Dodoma, where parliament and some government offices are located.[6] Between independence and 1996, the major coastal city of Dar es Salaam served as the country’s political capital. Today, Dar es Salaam remains the principal commercial city of Tanzania and the de-facto seat of most government institutions.[5][7] It is the major seaport for the country and its landlocked neighbours.

The name Tanzania derives from the names of the two states Tanganyika and Zanzibar that united in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.[5]

United Republic of Tanzania

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “Uhuru na Umoja”  (Swahili)
“Freedom and Unity”
Anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika
“God Bless Africa”
Capital Dodoma
Largest city Dar es Salaam
Official language(s) Swahili (de facto)
English (Higher courts, higher education)[1]
Demonym Tanzanian
Government Republic
President Jakaya Kikwete
Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda
Independence from the United Kingdom
Tanganyika 9 December 1961
Zanzibar 10 December 1963
Merger 26 April 1964
Total 945,203 km2 (31st)
364,898 sq mi
Water (%) 6.2
2009 estimate 43,739,000[2] (30th)
2005 census 37,445,392
Density 46.3/km2 (124th)
119.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
Total $57.400 billion[3]
Per capita $1,416[3]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
Total $22.318 billion[3]
Per capita $550[3]
Gini (2000–01) 34.6 (medium)
HDI (2008) ▲ 0.530 (medium) (151st)
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code TZ
Internet TLD .tz
Calling code +2552

Source Wikipedia.