The Republic of Rwanda (English pronunciation: /ruːˈændə/ rooAN-də or /rəˈwɑːndə/ rə-WAHN-də; Kinyarwanda pronunciation [ɾwanda] or IPA: [ɾɡwanda]), known as the Land of a Thousand Hills, is a landlocked country located in the Great Lakes region of eastern-central Africa, bordered by Uganda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania.

Although close to the equator, the country has a cool temperate climate due to its high elevation. The terrain consists mostly of grassy uplands and gently rolling hills. Abundant wildlife, including rare mountain gorillas, have resulted in tourism becoming one of the biggest sectors of the country’s economy.

Rwanda has received considerable international attention due to its 1994 genocide, in which an estimated 800,000 people were killed.[4] Since then, the country has made a recovery and is now considered as a model for developing countries. In 2009, a CNN report labeled Rwanda as Africa’s biggest success story, having achieved stability, economic growth (average income has tripled in the past ten years) and international integration.[5] In 2007, Fortune magazine published an article titled “Why CEOs Love Rwanda.”[6] The capital, Kigali, is the first city in Africa to be awarded the Habitat Scroll of Honor Award in the recognition of its “cleanliness, security and urban conservation model.”[7] In 2008, Rwanda became the first country to elect a national legislature in which a majority of members were women.[8] Rwanda joined the Commonwealth of Nations on 29 November 2009 as its fifty-fourth member,[9] making the country one of only two in the Commonwealth without a British colonial past.[10]

Republic of Rwanda

Repubulika y’u Rwanda
République du Rwanda
Flag Emblem
Motto: Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu
“Unity, Work, Patriotism”
Anthem: Rwanda nziza
(and largest city)
1°56.633′S 30°3.567′E / 1.943883°S 30.05945°E / -1.943883; 30.05945
Official language(s) Kinyarwanda, French, English
Demonym Rwandan, Rwandese
Government Republic
President Paul Kagame
Prime Minister Bernard Makuza
Independence from Belgium
Date July 1, 1962
Total 26,338 km2 (147th)
10,169 sq mi
Water (%) 5.3
July 2010 estimate 10,746,311[1] (74th)
2002 census 8,162,715[2]
Density 401.4/km2 (29th)
1,029.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
Total $11.260 billion[3]
Per capita $1,148[3]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
Total $5.246 billion[3]
Per capita $535[3]
Gini (2003) 41.1 (medium)
HDI (2007) ▲0.460 (low) (167th)
Currency Rwandan franc (RWF)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code RW
Internet TLD .rw
Calling code 250

Source Wikipedia.