Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (Afrikaans: Republiek van Namibië, German: Republik Namibia), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. It gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990 following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek. Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.

The dry lands of Namibia were inhabited since early times by Bushmen, Damara, and Namaqua, and since about the 14th century AD by immigrating Bantu who came with the Bantu expansion. It became a German Imperial protectorate in 1884 and remained a German colony until the end of World War I. In 1920, the League of Nations mandated the country to South Africa, which imposed its laws and from 1948, its apartheid policy.

In 1966, uprisings and demands by African leaders led the United Nations to assume direct responsibility over the territory. It recognized the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) as the official representative of the Namibian people in 1973. Namibia, however, remained under South African administration during this time. Following internal violence, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. With the exception of Walvis Bay — a city that remained under South African control until 1994 — Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990.

Namibia has a population of 2.1 million people and a stable multiparty parliamentary democracy. Agriculture, herding, tourism and mining of precious stones and metals form the backbone of Namibia’s economy. It is the second least densely populated country in the world, after Mongolia. Approximately half the population live below the international poverty line, and the nation has suffered heavily from the effects of HIV/AIDS, with 15% of the adult population infected with HIV in 2007.

Republic of Namibia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “Unity, Liberty, Justice”
Anthem: “Namibia, Land of the Brave”
(and largest city)
22°34.2′S 17°5.167′E / 22.57°S 17.086117°E / -22.57; 17.086117
Official language(s) English
Recognised regional languages Afrikaans, German, Oshiwambo
Demonym Namibian
Government Republic
President Hifikepunye Pohamba
Prime Minister Nahas Angula
Chairperson of the National Council Asser Kuveri Kapere
Speaker of the National Assembly Theo-Ben Gurirab
Chief Justice Peter Shivute
Legislature Parliament
Upper House National Council
Lower House National Assembly
Independence from South Africa
Date 21 March 1990
Total 825,418 km2 (34th)
318,696 sq mi
Water (%) negligible
2009 estimate 2,108,665[1] (142nd)
2008 census 2,088,669
Density 2.5/km2 (235th)
6.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
Total $13.771 billion[2]
Per capita $6,614[2]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
Total $9.459 billion[2]
Per capita $4,543[2]
Gini (2003) 70.7[1] (high) (1st)
HDI (2007) ▲ 0.686 (medium) (128th)
Currency Namibian dollar (NAD)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) WAST (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code NA
Internet TLD .na
Calling code +264

Source Wikipedia.