Liberia /laɪˈbɪəriə/ (help·info), officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire, and the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2008 Census, the nation is home to 3,476,608 people and covers 111,369 square kilometres (43,000 sq mi).[3]

Liberia’s capital is Monrovia. Liberia has a hot equatorial climate with most rainfall arriving in summer with harsh harmattan winds in the dry season. Liberia’s populated Pepper Coast is composed of mostly mangrove forests while the sparsely populated inland is forested, later opening to a plateau of drier grasslands.

The history of Liberia is unique among African nations because of its relationship with the United States. It is one of only two countries in Africa, along with Ethiopia, without roots in the European Scramble for Africa. It was founded and colonized by freed American slaves with the help of a private organization called the American Colonization Society in 1821-1822, on the premise that former American slaves would have greater freedom and equality there.[4]

Slaves freed from slave ships were also sent there instead of being repatriated to their countries of origin.[5] These colonists formed an elite group in Liberian society, and, in 1847, they founded the Republic of Liberia, establishing a government modeled on that of the United States, naming Monrovia, their capital city, after James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States and a prominent supporter of the colonization.

A military-led coup in 1980 overthrew then-president William R. Tolbert, which marked the beginning of a period of instability that eventually led to two civil wars that left hundreds of thousands of people dead and devastated the country’s economy. Today, Liberia is recovering from the lingering effects of the civil war and related economic dislocation. Statistics indicate that about 85% of the population live on less than $1.25 a day.

Republic of Liberia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: The love of liberty brought us here
Anthem: All Hail, Liberia, Hail!
(and largest city)
6°19′N 10°48′W / 6.317°N 10.8°W / 6.317; -10.8
Official language(s) English
Demonym Liberian
Government Presidential republic
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Vice President Joseph Boakai
Chief Justice Johnnie Lewis
Legislature Legislature of Liberia
Upper House Senate
Lower House House of Representatives
Established by the American Colonization Society 1822
Independence 26 July 1847
Total 111,369 km2 (103rd)
43,000 sq mi
Water (%) 13.514
2009 estimate 3,955,000[1]
2008 census 3,476,608 (130th)
Density 35.5/km2 (180th)
92.0/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
Total $1.556 billion[2]
Per capita $424[2]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
Total $876 million[2]
Per capita $239[2]
HDI (2007) 0.442 (low) (169th)
Currency Liberian dollar1 (LRD)
Time zone GMT
Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code LR
Internet TLD .lr
Calling code 231

Source Wikipedia.