The Republic of the Gambia, commonly known as The Gambia, or Gambia, is a country in Western Africa. The Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa, bordered to the north, east, and south by Senegal, with a small coast on the Atlantic Ocean in the west.

Its borders roughly correspond to the path of the Gambia River, the nation’s namesake, which flows through the country’s center and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Its size is almost 10,500 km² with an estimated population of 1,700,000.

On 18 February 1965, the Gambia was granted independence from the United Kingdom and joined The Commonwealth. Banjul is the Gambia’s capital, but the largest conurbation is Serekunda.

The Gambia shares historical roots with many other west African nations in the slave trade, which was key to the maintenance of a colony on the Gambia river, first by the Portuguese and later by the British. Since gaining independence in 1965, the Gambia has enjoyed relative stability, with the exception of a brief period of military rule in 1994.[citation needed]

An agriculturally rich country, its economy is dominated by farming, fishing, and tourism. About a third of the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.[3]

Republic of the Gambia
Coat of arms of The Gambia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “Progress, Peace, Prosperity”
Anthem: For The Gambia Our Homeland
Capital Banjul
13°28′N 16°36′W / 13.467°N 16.6°W / 13.467; -16.6
Largest city Serekunda
Official language(s) English
Demonym Gambian
Government Republic
President Yahya Jammeh
from the United Kingdom 18 February 1965
Republic declared 24 April 1970
Total 10,380 km2 (164th)
4,007 sq mi
Water (%) 11.5
2009 estimate 1,705,000[1] (146th)
Density 164.2/km2 (74th)
425.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
Total $2.406 billion[2]
Per capita $1,438[2]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
Total $736 million[2]
Per capita $440[2]
Gini (1998) 50.2 (high)
HDI (2007) ▼ 0.456 (low) (168th)
Currency Dalasi (GMD)
Time zone GMT
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .gm
Calling code 220

Source Wikipedia.